Editor-in-Chief İlkay Küçükgüzel Associate Editor Aslı Türe Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Journal of Research in Pharmacy 2020 , Vol 24 , Issue 4
Formulation and pharmacokinetic evaluation of rifampicin solid lipid nanoparticles
Ahmed GARDOUH1,Alshimaa GAMAL3,Shadeed GAD1
1Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia41511, Egypt
2Department of Pharmaceutical sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jadara University, Irbid 22110, Jordan
3Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sinai University, Ismailia 41511, Egypt
DOI : 10.35333/jrp.2020.202 This study aims to optimize RIF loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (RIF-SLNs) to sustain its release and enhance its oral absorption and bioavailability. RIF loaded SLNs were formulated by a modified micro emulsion-based technique using two different lipids (Cetyl palmitate and Glyceryl monostearate) and two different surfactants (Tween®80 and Poloxamer 188). Particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, entrapment efficiency (E.E), drug loading capacity (L.C), in vitro drug release, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were determined for RIF loaded SLNs formulae. Pharmacokinetic study was performed on optimized RIF-SLNs, marketed RIF and pure drug suspension in Wistar rats. The particle size, PDI, E.E% and L.C% of optimized formula were recorded as 0.183 μm, 0.420, -34.7 mV, 80.8% and 0.216%, respectively. In vitro release studies suggested that all SLNs formulae possessed a burst release created from the unloaded drug and adsorbed drug molecules at SLNs surface then sustained release due to diffusion of drug from lipid matrix over a period of 120 h. From the release kinetics data, the release rate of RIF from all formulae fitted into Higuchi’s diffusion model. Pharmacokinetic study showed significant enhancement in RIF-SLNs relative bioavailability 5.86 and 2.33 folds in comparison with pure RIF suspension and marketed RIF. RIF loaded SLNs were formulated successfully by a modified micro emulsion-based method. Also, oral drug delivery can be enhanced by SLNs which showed improvement in the oral bioavailability of the drug. Keywords : Pharmacokinetic enhancement; rifampicin; In vitro release; solid lipid nanoparticles; glyceryl monostearate; cetyl palmitate
Marmara University