Editor-in-Chief İlkay Küçükgüzel Associate Editor Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Journal of Research in Pharmacy 2019 , Vol 23 , Issue 5
Formulation, optimization and evaluation of mucoadhesive microspheres of captopril
Amitha SHETTY1,Panneer SELVAM2,Smitha SHETTY3,Chrishma SHALOMITH3
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Research Scholar of Pacific Academy of Higher Education, Pacific University, Udaipur, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Principal of Saraswati College of Pharmacy, Uttar Pradesh, India
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Shree Devi College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
DOI : 10.35333/jrp.2019.34 The objective of the present study was to develop mucoadhesive microspheres of captopril in order to achieve extended retention in upper gastro intestinal tract to enhance absorption and bioavailability. The microspheres were prepared by emulsification method using different ratio of sodium alginate with captopril by cross-linking with calcium chloride. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy study shows that captopril and other excipients are compatible with each other. The effects of polymers concentration on drug release profile were investigated. Response surface methodology was applied to systemically optimize the drug release profile. Polymer to drug ratio and stirring speed were selected as independent variables. Drug entrapment efficiency, percentage mucoadhesive and in vitro drug release after 6 hours were selected as dependent variables. Obtained microspheres were subjected to different evaluation parameters such as percentage yield, particle size analysis, drug entrapment efficiency, percentage mucoadhesive, in vitro drug release, drug release kinetics and scanning electron microscopy. The optimized formulation (MM10) showed satisfactory drug entrapment efficiency of 80.34±1.8 %, percentage mucoadhesive of 95.75±1.2 and percentage drug release after 6 hours of 26.08±0.45 %. Scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed that particles were spherical with smooth surface. Particles were free flowing with average particle size of 51.43 μm. Better results were observed from optimized mucoadhesive microspheres of captopril, thereby improving the bioavailability due to prolong release of drug in stomach. Keywords : Response surface methodology; emulsification method; optimization; captopril; dependent and independent variables; mucoadhesive; microspheres
Marmara University