Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Journal of Research in Pharmacy 2021 , Vol 25 , Issue 4
LC-MS/MS simultaneous determination of 37 bioactive compounds in Bunium crassifolium Batt. and its biological activities
Nabila SOUILAH1,Hamdi BENDIF2,Zain ULLAH4,Tarek HAMEL5, Lakhdar DJARRI1,Mehmet ÖZTÜRK4,Abdulselam ERTAŞ6,Salah AKKAL1,Kamel MEDJROUBI1,Ahmed M. MUSTAFA7
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Exact Sciences, University of Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria
2Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of M’sila, BP 166 M’sila, 28000, Algeria
3Laboratory of Ethnobotany and Natural Substances, Department of Natural Sciences, Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Kouba, BP 92 Kouba 16308, Algeria
4Department of Chemistry, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Kötekli-48000, Muğla, Turkey
5Department of Biology and Ecology, University of Annaba, Algeria
6Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Dicle University, Sur-Diyarbakır, Turkey
7Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig–44519, Egypt
DOI : 10.29228/jrp.36 Bunium crassifolium Batt. is an extremely rare species growing in Algeria. Its leaf or aerial part is used for flavoring and garnishing food. The aim of the current study was to determine 37 bioactive phytochemicals and biological evaluation of the methanol and methanol:water (70:30) extracts of B. crassifolium for the first time. A total of 10 phenolic acids and 8 flavonoids have been identified in the extracts of the aerial parts by LC–MS/MS. Chlorogenic, gallic and ferulic acids were the most abundant phenolic acids detected, while rhoifolin, quercitrin and rutin were the most abundant flavonoids. In addition, 3 non-phenolic organic acids (fumaric acids, quinic and malic) were detected and among them quinic and malic acids were the most abundant. Antioxidant activity was evaluted by six methods and the extracts showed significant activity. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined and methanol:water (70:30) extract showed higher values which entails its greater antioxidant capacity. In addition, anticholinesterase (AChE and BChE) activity was evaluated for both extracts using Ellman method. Methanol extract showed a better anti-acetylcholinesterase activity than methanol:water (70:30) one. While, both extracts showed a weak anti-butyrylcholinesterase activity. Furthermore, the anti-tyrosinase activity was tested and the methanol:water (70:30) extract was promising and more potent. In conclusion, B. crassifolium could be used in food industries and pharmaceutical as a potential functional food ingredient. Keywords : Bunium crassifolium; LC-MS/MS; antioxidant activity; anticholinesterase activity; tyrosinase inhibition
Marmara University