Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal 2016 , Vol 20 , Issue 3
Screening for antioxidant and antimutagenic properties of extracts from Centaurea pterocaula as well as their enzyme inhibitory potentials
Ahmet UYSAL1, Gokhan ZENGİN2, Yusuf DURAK2, Abdurrahman AKTUMSEK2
1Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu Tıbbi Hizmetler ve Teknikler Bölümü, Tıbbi Laboratuvar Programı, Konya, Türkiye
2Selçuk Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Konya, Türkiye
DOI : 10.12991/mpj.20162094922 The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant capacities, mutagenic/antimutagenic propeties and enzyme inhibitory effects of three extracts (ethyl acetate, methanol and water) of Centaurea pterocaula. The antioxidant properties were investigated using in vitro antioxidant methods such as radical scavenging (DPPH assay), reducing power (FRAP and CUPRAC assays), phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating activity. Enzyme inhibitory effects were tested aganist cholinesterase, tyrosinase, amylase and glucosidase. Ames test was used to show mutagenic/antimutagenic properties of these extracts. Methanol extract had the strongest free radical scavenging (31.06 mgTE/g extract) and reducing power abilities (66.95 mgTE/g extract for CUPRAC and 51.03 mgTE/g extract for FRAP). Also, ethyl acetate extract exhibited the strongest effect on the tested enzymes (except for glucosidase). Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were found to be 15.77-25.22 mg GAE/g extract and 0.67-31.44 mg RE/g extract, respectively. The mutagenicity was not seen for all extracts tested, while it was determined that some samples had significant antimutagenicity. In the condition of presence of S9 mix, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts revealed excellent antimutagenic activity (92% and 92%) at a dose of 5000 μg/plate against 2-aminoflourene (2-AF) for TA98 strain. According to the results of the present study, C. pterocaula can be considered as a potential source for developing new nutraceuticals or pharmaceuticals. Keywords : Centaurea pterocaula, antioxidant, enzyme inhibition, antimutagenic, natural agents
Marmara University