Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Journal of Research in Pharmacy 2024 , Vol 28 , Issue 3
Formulation and Evaluation of Immediate-Release Tablet Containing Atorvastatin Phospholipid Solid Dispersion
Bashar K. K. GHYADH1,Eman B. H. AL-KHEDAIRY1
1Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq DOI : 10.29228/jrp.725 Oral tablets containing solubilized drug in the presence of appropriate excipients may give us an immediate release of the drug. Phospholipid solid dispersion (PSD) is a branch of solid dispersion in which phospholipid acts as a hydrophilic polymer in the presence of a suitable adsorbent to enhance the solubility of poorly soluble drugs. The anti-hyperlipidemic drug Atorvastatin (ATR) is an example of such drug, as it belongs to the class II group according to the biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) with low bioavailability due to its low solubility. Phosphatidylcholine in combination with magnesium aluminum silicate as an adsorbent in a ratio of ATR: PC: MAS 1:3:4 was used to prepare ATR PSD by the solvent evaporation method, the product showed acceptable physical properties and utilized for the preparation of immediate-release tablets (IRTs) of ATR. Ten formulas of ATR- IRTs were prepared by direct compression method using different types and concentrations of diluents (Avicel®PH102, Avicel®PH101, and starch) and superdisintegrants (crospovidone, croscarmellose sodium, and sodium starch glycolate) and evaluated for their drug content, weight variation, hardness, friability, in vitro disintegration time and dissolution profile. The tablets formula (T10) that were prepared with ATR-PSD and Avicel®PH102 as a diluent and Croscarmellose Sodium (CCS) 5% w/w as super disintegrant show the shortest disintegration time (DT) (38 ±1 sec.) and best drug release (91% within 15 min) in 0.05M phosphate buffer (pH 6.8). Keywords : Atorvastatin; Avicel® PH102; immediate-release tablets; Phospholipid solid dispersion
Marmara University