Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Journal of Research in Pharmacy 2023 , Vol 27 , Issue 1
Chitosan-based delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 plasmid in breast cancer stem cells
1Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Health Sciences, Marmara University, Basibüyük 34854 İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Tuebingen, Calwerstraße, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
3Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Marmara University, Basibüyük, 34854, Istanbul, Turkey
4Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Inonu University, Battalgazi, 44280, Malatya, Turkey
DOI : 10.29228/jrp.292 Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-associated Cas9 nuclease system (CRISPR/Cas9) has emerged as a powerful toolbox for cancer therapy, serving as a gene fixed-point knock-out method. However, suitable gene carrier systems are urgently needed to encapsulate the CRISPR/Cas9 system and to improve the uptake into the cancer cells for anti-cancer therapy. In cancer therapy, breast cancer stem cells should be also targeted besides tumor cells. In this study, we prepared chitosan/CRISPR-Cas9/protamine nanoplexes and performed in vitro characterization. The results showed that the chitosan/protamine complex increased the zeta potential of the VEGF CRISPR/Cas9 plasmid from negative to positive. In vitro cell culture studies showed that VEGF silencing efficiency was 46.19% and 30.2% in MCF-7 and MCF-7s, respectively, after 7 days. The invasion capacity of cancer cells decreased significantly for both cell types. The results indicate that chitosan/VEGF CRISPR/Cas9 plasmid/protamine complexes can be used to reduce VEGF expression, leading to a decrease in the invasion capacity of breast cancer as well as breast cancer stem cells and providing proof of concept for more advanced studies, including in vivo studies, of this system. Keywords : chitosan/protamine; CRISPR-Cas9; VEGF; breast cancer; breast cancer stem cells
Marmara University