Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal 2018 , Vol 22 , Issue 4
Medication adherence and clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with depression: A prospective interventional study
Veintramuthu SANKAR1,Antony JUSTIN2,Hosseiny Matin PAYMAN3,Pradeep SWATHY3,Nattam SAI CHARAN KUMAR3,Rajasekaran SENTHIL KUMAR4
1Department of Pharmaceutics, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, India
2Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty, India
3Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, India
4Department of Endocrinology, PSG Hospitals, Coimbatore, India
DOI : 10.12991/jrp.2018.102 The aim of the study was toassess the level of depression in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), to evaluate the range of medication adherence and to identify the reasons for non-adherence to medication in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with depression. Study tools such as Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ- 9) and Daily Diabetes Record Sheet were used. Chi-square test was used to test the association for categorical variables and the Student's t-test was used for group comparisons. Patients with high adherence to medication were found to have good glycemic control than low medication adherence patients. The level of depression of more than half of the patients (51.9%) lies in between PHQ score of 10 and 14 in this study. Reasons for non-adherence were accidental and intentional. The most prevalent among accidental reasons was patient forgetting to take medicines (25.0%), and the most prevalent among intentional reasons was achievement of treatment goals (17.59%). The result outcome of the study states that the level of depression has a significant effect on poor metabolic control, poor diet and non-adherence to the medication regimen. Keywords : Diabetes mellitus; depression; medication adherence; gycemic control
Marmara University